Articles and Tips

Divorce Tax Tips

Don’t complete your final settlement until you understand the potential future tax consequences. Regardless of what your settlement agreement states, the IRS and California Franchise Tax Board regulations dictate what is taxable, what is deductible and how much tax you will have to pay. Here are some of the most common tax related issues that should be addressed: Should I file as Married Filing Jointly, Married Filing Separately, Single or Head of Household? If you are legally married on the last day of the year, you are eligible to file as Married Filing Jointly or married filing separate. In most cases, the combined tax is less if you file jointly. If you are no longer married as of the last day of the year, you have to file as Single, unless you qualify to file as “Head of Household.” You may qualify to file as Head of Household if you pay more than 50% of the cost to maintain a house for a “qualifying” person, such as a child or a parent. Am I eligible to claim an exemption for my child/children as dependents? The general rules require that your child must be under age 19 (or under age 24, if a full-time student), must have lived with you for more than half of the year and did not provide more than half of their own support. In the case of children of divorced or separated parents, there are special rules that allow either parent (not both) to claim a child as a dependent in any given year. Who is responsible for the tax liability related to a tax... read more

Common Financial Mistakes To Avoid Before, During and After Your Divorce-Part 3

The financial decisions you make during the settlement process will significantly affect your financial future. That’s why it’s crucial to understand and consider the potential long-term financial consequences of your decisions before you agree to a final settlement. In a previous blog I listed 8 common financial mistakes made during the divorce process – here are more: – Not considering potential long-term financial and income tax consequences: Ideally, you should focus on reaching a settlement that is consistent with your long-term financial needs and objectives. The terms of your settlement agreement will affect your financial well-being for the rest of your life. Divorce financial specialists are trained to look at potential alternative long-term financial outcomes. Even a qualified financial advisor can’t predict the future; however, based on our training and experience, we can help you identify those critical financial considerations that can help you reach the decisions that are most likely to be beneficial for you. – Not considering the potential “penalties” on retirement plan distributions. If you are taking a distribution from a 401(k), or other qualified plan, pursuit to a Qualified Domestic Relations Order (QDRO), take the cash distribution before rolling the balance into an IRA account. Once it goes into an IRA, you may be subject to a penalty for early withdrawal. Be sure to calculate the exact amount you need because you can only do this one time. – No plan for paying off joint credit cards and other debt. Not identifying all jointly held debt or agreeing to keep a card open and accessible to both of you could be a costly mistake. If... read more

Common Financial Mistakes To Avoid Before, During and After Your Divorce-Part 2

Part 2 – DURING: The financial decisions you make during the settlement process will significantly affect your financial future. That’s why it’s crucial to understand and consider the potential long-term financial consequences of your decisions before you agree to a final settlement. Here are common financial mistakes made during the divorce process: – Not preparing a complete and accurate accounting of income, expenses, assets and debts: Divorce financial specialists are trained to follow a comprehensive process in order to gather all of the necessary financial data needed to prepare meaningful reports and provide recommendations based on your specific needs and objectives. By considering all of the pertinent financial data during the early stages of the process, it is much more likely that your long-term financial needs will be met. – Not identifying separate and community property. California is a community property state so having a basic awareness of the community property rules will allow you to understand your financial rights and obligations. With the exception of inheritances and gift, everything acquired from the date of your marriage to the date of your separation is generally considered your community property. Any debts you incurred during the marriage are also typically considered community debts. If you owned separate property prior to marriage and kept that property “separate” from the community property, it will most likely remain separate. There are exceptions to these rules so it is in your best interests to seek legal and financial advice with regard to community and separate property before you agree to a final settlement. – Seeking financial and tax advice from professionals who are not... read more

Common Financial Mistakes To Avoid Before, During and After Your Divorce-Part 1

Part 1 – BEFORE: The ideal time to begin working on the financial issues related to your divorce is before the formal process begins. Deciding not to do anything or acting impulsively without knowing the potential long-term financial and tax consequences can be disastrous for your financial future. Here are common financial mistakes to avoid even before the divorce process begins: – Breach of fiduciary duty between husband and wife: The California Family Law code states that a husband and wife are subject to the general rules that govern fiduciary confidential relationships. “The relationship imposes a duty of the highest good faith and fair dealing on each spouse, and neither shall take unfair advantage of the other.” This duty requires that each of you provide access, at all times, to all records kept. Both of you are also expected to provide each other with an accounting, and hold as trustee, any benefit or profit derived from any transaction which concerns the community property. The “penalty” for breaching this duty can be severe, including loss of your entire share of your community property interest. – Not identifying your goals, objectives and needs at the beginning of the process: Knowing what you want to achieve will help you to stay focused on what is important to you, and will keep you from being distracted by the emotional challenges inherent in the divorce process. Having a written plan can also help your attorney and other advisors understand how they can best meet your needs. – Not considering all of the divorce process options available to you: Going through a divorce can often... read more

5 Common Financial Mistakes To Avoid During Your Divorce

5 common financial mistakes to avoid during your divorce Making financial decisions before you have complete information. Divorce financial specialists are trained to follow a comprehensive process to gather all of the necessary financial data and then prepare meaningful reports and recommendations based on your specific needs and objectives. Taking financial and tax advice from friends and family: Having supportive family and friends to go to for during your divorce can be of great benefit to help you get through a difficult time, however, unless they are financial experts, don’t rely on their financial advice. Making financial decisions based on emotions: You will be faced with many difficult financial decisions during the divorce process. These decisions will affect your financial well-being for many years into the future. Decisions that are made without a well thought out approach typically lead to costly financial mistakes in the future. Don’t give in to the pressure to settle just for the sake of getting the process over with. Taking a narrow-minded position during the settlement process: There is no right or wrong solution. Ideally, you should focus on reaching a settlement that is focused on your long-term financial needs and objectives. You are more likely to reach a settlement that benefits you financially, in the long-term, if you approach the process with an open mind. Reaching a settlement agreement without understanding the potential long-term financial consequences. Divorce financial specialists are trained to look at potential alternative long-term financial outcomes. We can’t predict the future; however, based on our training and experience , a qualified financial advisor can help you identify the most crucial... read more

Key Elements Of The Collaborative Divorce Process

Collaborative Divorce is a non-adversarial approach. Both parties must agree to negotiate in good faith, and work together to reach a mutual agreement without going to court. The focus should be the well-being of both parties and their children. The key elements of the Collaborative Divorce Process are: • Reaching a settlement without going to court. • Open communication • Sharing of information with each other • Acknowledging each other’s needs. How does Collaborative Divorce differ from the more traditional adversarial approach? 1. Full disclosure – All information and financial data is revealed and shared with both parties. 2. Respect – Both parties strive to maintain a level of respect for the process, the professionals, and their respective spouse – even when they may disagree. 3. Protecting your children – Both parties agree that the needs of the children come first. 4. Sharing professionals – The “team” of professionals work with both parties to resolve their disputes without going to court. The team typically consists of a Collaborative lawyer for each party, one neutral financial professional, divorce coaches and a child specialist. 5. Focus on “win-win” solutions – All negotiations aim to help both parties reach fair decisions for themselves and their children. 6. Stay out of court – Collaborative Divorce is structured to assist a couple so that they can work “cooperatively”, maintain control of the process and make their own decisions. I’ve served as the neutral financial specialist on many Collaborative Divorce cases over the past 9 years and have seen how both parties’ have benefitted. With the right team of professionals in place and both parties... read more

Are Back-to-School Expenses Included in Child Support?

September means sending the kids back to school and that can be expensive. There are the expected costs, like new clothes, and all those school supplies kids need to have. And then there are those unanticipated school expenses like sports and other activity participation fees, musical instrument purchases or rentals, tutoring, and extracurricular classes, to name just a few. Typically, child support is intended to cover all of the general costs related to a child’s health and well-being. However, unless your settlement agreement specifically addresses how these unexpected additional costs are going to be managed between you and your soon- to- be former spouse, it can be a source of great distress for the parent receiving child support who is then left to try and navigate how all of the expenses are managed. Making decisions about these kinds of financial matters before you finalize your divorce can go a long way in reducing conflict between the two of you as well as reducing the conflicts that so many children experience when their parents are no longer together. It is best to work through a mediator and/or divorce financial planner who is trained to guide you through this sticky process to identify potential extraordinary child-related expenses and help you reach an agreement as to how these expenses will be allocated between... read more

Your Divorce is Awful – Does it Have To Be This Way?

Many find that their divorce is costing much more than they had planned, is taking much longer than they had expected and is not achieving the results they wanted. There are ways to streamline the process and reduce frustration and undue stress. Those going through divorce often feel a loss of control, especially when relying on a third party to make a decision. In this case, you should consider an alternative process such as mediation or collaborative divorce where you are given the tools to make these decisions on your own. It is often challenging to understand the long-term financial consequences of dissolving a marriage. In this scenario you should educate yourself about the financial issues related to divorce and work with a divorce financial analyst financial who is trained to help you consider financial options and clarify the potential long-term financial consequences of your decisions. Too often, one or both partners feel so victimized by the divorce, the goal becomes punishing the spouse, instead of resolving the issues relating to the divorce itself. By working with a divorce coach, you focus on your needs, concerns and... read more

Will your divorce settlement impact your long-term financial well-being?

There are a number of things to consider when dissolving a marriage. Too often, important issues get overlooked because the single focus becomes division of assets and support of the children as well as each spouse. In an effort to “be done with the divorce,” couples may not fully understand how the settlement affects their financial future. One of the very important considerations in planning for a couple’s post-divorce life is long-term care insurance. When a couple is married, it is assumed that one spouse will be there to care for the other when illness or disability occurs. However, when unmarried individuals lose the ability to care for themselves, they may be dependent on professional caregivers. The cost of a care-giver can be significant, depending on the level of care that is needed. Long-term care insurance is designed to cover the cost of this need. Planning for Long-term Care Insurance during the divorce process can help identify options to provide funds to pay for this coverage. To find out more about planning for your long-term financial needs as you move through the divorce process, contact us to schedule a free phone... read more

What is the Difference between Divorce Mediation and Collaborative Divorce?

Divorce Mediation and Collaborative Divorce are two alternatives to consider rather than the more traditional litigated divorce. More and more couples are choosing alternative methods to reach a divorce settlement rather than going to court. These alternative options can result in reaching a settlement in less time and for less cost. How do you know whether divorce mediation or collaborative divorce is the right process for you? The answer is to understand the differences and similarities between these two options. In both collaborative divorce and divorce mediation, the parties agree to reach a settlement without going to court.  They agree to an open, free and voluntary exchange of information. This means that both parties openly discuss their concerns, needs and objectives, and share complete financial data. Each party is encouraged to communicate what is important to them, rather than arguing for a specific position or solution. While divorce mediation and collaborative divorce are similar, there are differences. In mediation, there is typically one neutral third party who works with the couple to facilitate an agreement. The mediator cannot advocate for either side, nor can they provide legal advice. Both parties are encouraged to retain their own attorney to advocate for his or her client and provide legal advice. In collaborative divorce, each party is represented by a team of professionals. Each party retains their own attorney who can provide legal advice. One neutral divorce financial specialist and a divorce coach, for each party, are also included on the team of professionals. The attorneys on a collaborative team, as well as the other professionals must pledge not to litigate and... read more

Decisions You Make During Your Divorce Effect Your Long-Term Financial Security

I see many bad financial decisions made by those during and after their divorce. Most of the mistakes are related to decisions based on emotions rather that accurate financial data and professional financial advice. Every divorce involves legal, emotional and financial issues, yet the majority of those going through a divorce only seek legal advice.  Family law attorneys are experts in family law. Financial professionals who specialize in divorce are experts in the financial and tax issues related to divorce. The typical divorce process is focused on dividing property, debts and determining alimony (spousal support) and child support. The family law code and court cases in the jurisdiction where the divorce takes place, regulates the outcome. Family law code is not based on the long-term financial needs, concerns and objectives of the family.  Divorce financial analysts are trained to look at what the potential long-term financial outcome may look like. The Collaborative Divorce and Divorce Mediation processes present the opportunity for a divorcing couple to focus on their long-term financial needs, concerns and objectives. The focus is shifted away from “how much can I get” to how I can best meet my long-term financial needs. Divorce financial analysts can present alternative settlement options that consider each parties income, living expenses and potential tax issues, going forward. Having this information can lead to more prudent financial decisions, before the divorce is final. Every divorce has a long-term financial impact on both parties. An experienced divorce financial specialist can provide you with information and analysis to help you make decisions with your long-term financial security in... read more

Collaborative Divorce for Celebrities

By now you have surely heard the news regarding the Maria Shriver, Arnold Schwarzenegger divorce. As with most divorces, their story seems to be filled with feelings of betrayal, resentment, guilt and sadness. As a celebrity couple they also have the added stress of being constantly in the public eye. This means that everyone, especially the media, will be scrutinizing every nasty detail of their lives. This will surely add to their already highly traumatic situation. So, in this arduous situation, is it possible for them to participate in a collaborative divorce process?  From what we’ve seen so far, I believe that it is very possible. According to AP writer Michael R. Blood, a spokesman for Schwarzenegger issued a joint statement from the couple stating that they were “working on the future of their relationship while living apart and they would continue to parent their four children — Katherine, 21, Christina, 19, Patrick, 17, and Christopher, 13.  After a great deal of thought, reflection, discussion, and prayer, [they] came to this decision together.’” If their goal truly is to work on their family relationship, a collaborative divorce might just be the ideal process for them. Collaborative divorce focuses on developing an agreement where the couple works cooperatively to create a settlement that is best themselves, but more importantly, what is best for their children. Several celebrity couples have gone through collaborative divorce. Singer/performer Madonna and her former husband director Guy Ritchie are considered to be the first celebrity couple who went public about using collaborative law.  In 2008, actor/comedian Robin Williams and his wife chose to use the collaborative... read more

A Real-Life Example of Collaborative Divorce

I have been a proud member of the International Association of Collaborative Professionals (IACP) for many years. IACP has been instrumental in educating divorce professionals and the general public about Collaborative Divorce. Recently, the IACP created a video that follows the real-life experience of a couple as they proceeded through their own Collaborative Divorce. It is a very good introduction to collaborative divorce and very powerful because the experiences are real and in the couple’s own words. The video provides an inside look at how the collaborative divorce process works as well as the impact it has on those who are going through this very difficult life transition. If you or someone you know is facing divorce, I highly recommend this video. You can watch it by clicking... read more

Child Support in California

In California, each parent is obligated to support an unmarried child who is a full-time high school student and not self- supporting.  This obligation continues until the time the child completes 12th grade or reaches age 19 (whichever occurs first). Child support is based on each parent’s income, from all sources, and the amount of time the child is cared for by each parent.  The community and separate property of each parent can also be considered.  The court may consider income from all sources, including: Employment wages Employment benefits Tips Commissions Bonuses Self-employment/business income Spousal support received Income from a trust Unemployment benefits Disability and workers’ compensation Interest and dividends Annuities Rental Income Social Security benefits Payments or credit due from any source including lottery and prize winnings There are other factors that could also be considered in determining support, such as, each parent’s standard of living. In California, the guideline formula is typically followed by the courts and it is not common for a judge to award an amount below the guideline. A child support modification request could be considered if there is a “significant” change in circumstances, for example:  a change that would alter the current payment level by at least 20%.     This means that if either parent had a change in their financial circumstances, such as the loss of a job,  they may be eligible for a child support modification. There are some child related expenses that parents are not “required” to pay for, but may agree to.  A common example is private school or college tuition. If both parties agree, this can be addressed in... read more

The Role of a Neutral Divorce Financial Planner

The use of neutral financial professionals in the divorce process is relatively new, but is a rapidly growing trend.   Despite a lack of formal training in personal finance, attorneys and mediators take on the roles of financial analyst and adviser.  This has been an area fraught with danger, both from the divorce professional’s and the client’s point of view. Financial planners are recognized experts in personal finance.  Because they have traditionally helped individuals achieve long-term financial goals, such as saving for college or retirement, they have specialized training and skills that enable them to analyze financial issues in their long-term context.  They are able to provide insight into how a particular division of assets might play out over time. Divorce financial planners can help couples and individuals going through divorce focus on the difficult financial issues that must be addressed.   It empowers individuals to make wise and workable decisions regarding the hard, but often-necessary lifestyle adjustments.  People frequently feel more secure about the choices they make, are able to reach workable settlements more quickly and are less likely to be forced to revisit financial issues in the future. Not all divorce financial planners are trained to work in a neutral capacity. Be sure to find a professional who is trained in mediation and collaborative divorce.  If you live in the Los Angeles or Ventura County area, feel free to contact me to find out how working with a neutral divorce financial planner can benefit... read more

Are You Sabotaging Your Own Divorce?

When you think of divorce do you picture an adversarial couple playing tug-of-war with their lives, children and finances? It doesn’t have to be that way – and here 5 tips that could help: 1.       Understand what you options are before you start the process – Don’t begin the divorce process until you understand the options available to you, such as: mediation, litigation, and collaborative divorce.  Gather and read as much information as you can about divorce in California. You can also participate in programs offered through the family law division at your local courthouse. 2.       Take Control – Don’t hand over all of the decision-making to a third party, such as a judge.   Take the time to understand the pros and cons of alternative options. Seek guidance from experts, such as divorce financial specialists and family law attorneys. 3.       Take time to gather all of your financial information – Having accurate and complete financial data will allow you to identify options that may best meet your long-term needs. 4.       Understand all of the alternatives available to you for dividing your property, including potential tax consequences –   Don’t rush to end the marriage without taking the time to identify all of your options. Decisions you make during your divorce can affect your well-being for the rest of your life.  Think through all of your options and make decisions that are based on your needs and objectives. 5.       Avoid Seeking Revenge – If you see yourself as a victim and your focus is on punishing your spouse, you should consider working with a divorce coach. They are trained to help... read more

Are You or Your Spouse Keeping Money Secrets From Each Other?

Keeping money secrets from a spouse is a common reason that couples divorce in California.  Hidden credit card debt, excessive gambling, and mismanagement of community assets and debts can lead to a financial downfall and oftentimes result in a breakdown of the marriage. In addition to the marital and financial problems this may cause, a spouse who conceals financial transactions or uses community property inappropriately may face serious legal consequences. In California, a husband and wife are subject to laws that govern those who are in a “fiduciary relationship.”  Each spouse must act in good faith and not take any unfair advantage of the other. The fiduciary duty between a husband and wife requires that each spouse must make full disclosure of all information related to community assets and debts.  Additionally, this fiduciary relationship requires that each spouse: provide the other spouse access to all financial records provides complete information related to any transaction related to community property hold any profit, as a trustee for the benefit of the other spouse, received from any transaction related to community property, without the consent of the other spouse This means that hidden credit card debt or the sale of community property, without the other spouse’s knowledge, could be considered a breach of fiduciary duty.  This could result in a penalty that awards 100% of the property or the proceeds from the sale of community property to the injured spouse. Breach of fiduciary duty between spouses is a complicated legal and financial issue. If you suspect your spouse is keeping money secrets, you should seek advice from a divorce financial specialist and... read more

Important Issues to Think About if You Are Considering a Legal Separation in California

Some couples who are not yet ready to divorce choose to live apart.  One reason is that it allows the couple to have time to decide if they really want to divorce.  However, there are also several financial reasons that a couple may decide to delay divorce, including: waiting for the 10 year requirement for social security, keep health insurance benefits on spouses’ plan and potential tax benefits if able to file jointly. If you decide that you are going to live apart, you should consider a Legal Separation Agreement.  A legal separation agreement addresses many of the financial and legal issues you would find in a divorce settlement agreement, such as alimony/spousal support, child support, visitation, and property and debt division. California allows for legal separation as an alternative to divorce. However, the process is very similar to divorce and should be done with the same care as one would for a divorce.  As in divorce, any property acquired prior to the marriage and any gifts and inheritance received during the marriage are typically considered separate property.   All other property acquired during the marriage is typically considered to be community property and is divided equally. Some separations can last several months or even years so you and your spouse should consider all of the immediate and long-term financial and tax issues before completing your separation agreement. Additionally, the legal separation is likely to be used as a basis for a final divorce agreement, which is why it is important to work with a divorce financial analyst to help you address your potential long-term financial needs and concerns. Legal... read more

Divorce and Debt

California is a community property state which means that all debt acquired during the marriage will be considered an obligation equally shared by both spouses. All credit card debt, car loans, home loans and all other debt obtained during the marriage are the responsibility of both parties regardless of whose name is on the debt. Generally, all debts incurred by either spouse after the date of marriage and before the date of separation are considered community debts and each spouse is responsible for 50% of the amount owed.  All debts incurred by one spouse, before the date of marriage and after the debt of separation are generally considered the separate debt of that spouse. When community funds are used to pay the separate debts of one spouse or when the separate funds of one spouse are used to pay community debt, there might be reimbursements and/or credits  due to or from one spouse to the other.  There are also special rules for potential reimbursements for education loans. Just as property should be divided considering current and long-term tax and financial consequences, so should debt.   For example, interest rates, the amount of the payments and potential tax deductible interest are some of the issues that should be considered when dividing debt. It is important to remember that even though your divorce settlement agreement identifies who is responsible for each debt; your creditors will consider each spouse responsible for 100% of the balance owed, until it is paid off. Therefore, you may want to consider paying off debt prior to finalizing the divorce. Ultimately, all loans, credit cards and other debts... read more

Getting Help from a Divorce Financial Analyst is Not Just for the Wealthy

There’s a common misconception that only divorcing couples who own a lot of assets and have complicated tax issues, need help from a divorce financial analyst.  This couldn’t be further from the truth.  Yesterday a story appeared in the Wall Street Journal digital network where I was interviewed about a couple that I recently helped.  The couple owned a home and each had a retirement account.  They were concerned that there were not enough funds available for one to keep the house and the other to set up a new household.  Rather than having to sell the house and divide their other property equally, we came up with a solution that resulted in both parties getting close to meeting their financial goals and objectives.  You can find the story here. Simply dividing property and debt so that each party receives 50% of each item is as unrealistic as drawing a line down the middle of the family home and expecting each party to continue living in their half.  Unfortunately, dividing each asset and debt in half is exactly what happens in many divorce cases.  The traditional divorce does not result in a property settlement that takes into account all of the immediate and long-term tax and financial considerations of both... read more

More Resources

Websites:

We recommend that you learn as much as you can about the financial as well as other issues related to your divorce. These resources provide financial education, divorce information and divorce advice on a wide range of topics, including children of divorce, divorce costs, divorce laws, the divorce process and divorce support.

www.divorcehq.com
www.divorcesource.com
www.divorcenet.com
www.lasuperiorcourt.org
www.nolo.com
www.divorce360.com
International Academy of Collaborative Professionals
Los Angeles Collaborative Family Law Association
Institute for Divorce Financial Analysts
DivorceMagazine.com
Association of Divorce Financial Planners
www.uptoparents.org
www.divorceonline.com
www.childcentereddivorce.com

Articles:

The Role of the Financial Planner in the Divorce Process
Top Five Reasons for Hiring a Certified Divorce Financial Analyst During Divorce
Key Issues to Consider in Divorce

Books About General Divorce Topics:

The Complete Guide to Protecting Your Financial Security When Getting a Divorce
By: Alan Feigenbaum and Heather Linton
Publisher: McGraw Hill

The Collaborative Way to Divorce
By: Stu Webb and Ron Ousky
Publisher: Harper Collins

Divorce: A Problem to Be Solved, Not a Battle to Be Fought
By: Karen Fagerstrom, Milton Kalish, A. Rodney Nurse and Nancy J. Ross
Publisher: Brookwood Publishing

Divorce Without Court: A Guide to Mediation & Collaborative Divorce
By: Katherine E. Stoner
Publisher: Nolo

Collaborative Divorce: The Revolutionary New Way to Restructure Your Family, Resolve Legal Issues, and Move on with Your Life
By: Pauline H. Tesler and Peggy Thompson
Publisher: Harper Collins

Books About Child-Related Divorce Issues:

Cooperative parenting and divorce: A parent guide to effective co-parenting
By: Susan Blythe Boyan; Ann Marie Termini (February 1999)

Everything Parent’s Guide To Children And Divorce: Reassuring Advice to Help Your Family Adjust<
By: Carl Pickhardt (December 2005)

Ex-Etiquette for Parents: Good Behavior After a Divorce or Separation
By: Jann Blackstone-Ford, Sharyl Jupe (October 2004)

Helping Your Kids Cope with Divorce the Sandcastles Way
By: M. Gary Neuman (July 1999)

Mom’s House, Dad’s House: Making Two Homes for Your Child
By: Isolina Ricci (November 1997)

Parenting After Divorce: A Guide to Resolving Conflicts and Meeting Your Children’s Needs
by Philip Stahl (October 2000)

The Co-Parenting Survival Guide: Letting Go of Conflict after a Difficult Divorce
By: Elizabeth Thayer; Jeffrey Zimmerman (July 2001)

The Truth About Children and Divorce: Dealing with the Emotions So You and Your Children Can Thrive
By: Robert Emery (August 2004)

What About the Kids?: Raising Your Children Before, During, and After Divorce
By: Judith Wallerstein and Sandra Blakeslee (March 2004)

Why Did You Have to Get a Divorce? And When Can I Get a Hamster?: A Guide to Parenting Through Divorce
By: Anthony Wolf (August 1998)

Child-Friendly Divorce: A Divorce(d) Therapist’s Guide to Helping Your Children Thrive
By: Diana M. Berry
Publisher: Blue Waters Publications (2004)

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